Discover the world with our lifehacks

What is Indus Basin irrigation system?

What is Indus Basin irrigation system?

The Indus Basin Irrigation System (IBIS) is the world’s largest contiguous irrigation system, irrigating over 2.5 million acres and running over 90,000 km of watercourses.

Did the Indus Valley have irrigation systems?

The Indus River system has been used for irrigation since time immemorial. Modern irrigation engineering work began about 1850. During the period of British rule in India, large canal systems were constructed, and old canal systems and inundation channels were revived and modernized.

How many canal systems are in Indus Basin irrigation system?

The Eastern Sadiqia canal and the Jamrao canal represent average cultivable command areas in the Indus Basin irrigation system, which covers a total of 16 million ha divided among 43 canal commands.

Where is Indus Basin irrigation system?

Indus Basin irrigation system Surface-water resources in Pakistan are based on the flows of the Indus River and its tributaries (Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, and Beas to the east and the Kabul River to the west).

What are the advantages of the Indus Basin irrigation system?

The basin has increased the amount of land​ irrigated​, which increases the amount of crops that can be grown in Pakistan. A large portion of Pakistan’s economy is made up of ​agriculture​, therefore it is important to keep farms running and profiting now and in the future.

Why is the Indus Basin irrigation system Important?

The Indus River basin supplies water to the largest contiguous irrigation system in the world, providing water for 90% of the food production in Pakistan, which contributes 25% of the country’s gross domestic product.

How did Indus River valley civilizations use irrigation techniques?

How did Indus River Valley civilizations use irrigation techniques? Farmers used irrigation to protect fields from land overuse. Farmers used irrigation to offset flooding and protect crops. Famers used irrigation to manage the water supply for crops.

What are the advantages of Indus Basin irrigation?

The basin has increased the amount of land​ irrigated​, which increases the amount of crops that can be grown in Pakistan.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of basin irrigation?

Advantages/Benefits/Pros: It has good control on irrigation water and high water application efficiency. Though the Initial cost is high, it requires less labour and has low maintenance cost. Wastage of water and soil erosion is reduced as there is bund around the basin.

What was the method of irrigation in ancient India?

In the ancient days, irrigation works in our country comprised dug wells, small tanks and diversion works on perennial rivers. The grand anicut (weir), constructed with stone laid in clay, across the Cauvery River is one of the notable ancient irrigation works constructed by the great Chola ruler in 200 A.D.

How did ancient irrigation systems work?

Underground Canals – Underground canals are thought to be the most complex and ingenious of the ancient irrigation systems. Dating back to 300 BCE in Sri Lanka, this method tapped into natural springs and underground water sources, allowing water to flow as needed and water crops in the fields.

Where is Indus basin irrigation system?