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What is EIA Alert 2006?

What is EIA Alert 2006?

Environmental Impact Assessment (“EIA”) Notification was promulgated by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (“MoEFCC”) in 2006 to scrutinize all relevant information about a project or activity in order to assess (and accordingly mitigate) its potential adverse impacts on the ecology of a region.

What is EIA notification in India?

Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) is a systematic process to identify, predict, and evaluate the environmental effects of proposed actions and projects. Generally, an EIA is conducted before deciding to proceed with a specific project or activity.

When was EIA mandatory in India?

27 January 1994
On 27 January 1994, the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MEF), Government of India, under the Environmental (Protection) Act 1986, promulgated an EIA notification making Environmental Clearance (EC) mandatory for expansion or modernisation of any activity or for setting up new projects listed in Schedule 1 of …

How is the new draft of EIA different from the EIA notification 2006?

Annual Submission of Reports: The new draft EIA, proposes the submission of compliance reports annually whereas as per the 2006 notification, the compliance report was to be submitted every six months.

What is the main difference between EIA notification 1994 and EIA Notification 2006?

The major difference in the New EIA Notification 2006 from the earlier one (1994) is its attempt to decentralise power to the State Government. Earlier all the projects under schedule 1 went to the Central Government for environmental clearance.

How does EIA 2020 differ from EIA 2006?

If put into force, the EIA Notification, 2020 will replace the EIA Notification, 2006 for all future projects. But the Draft EIA Notification dilutes the effectiveness of the process, and shrinks its scope. The most devastating blow to the EIA regime is the creation of an ex-post-facto clearance route.

What is the latest EIA notification?

A day before the world’s strictest lockdown, the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEFCC) published the draft environmental impact assessment notification (EIA) 2020, a new iteration of a law that outlines the procedure and requirements for most industrial and infrastructural projects to obtain a …

Why is EIA notification necessary?

In 1994, for the first time under the Environment Protection Act, 1986, the EIA notification was formulated in India. It made environmental clearance mandatory for expansion, modernisation and setting up of new projects.

Why is India’s new EIA draft problematic?

Draft EIA 2020 has a problem with definitions. It provides narrow definitions of eco-sensitive areas and also leaves out numerous protected areas from its definition—such as reserve forests, village forests, wetlands, coasts, etcetera.

What are the important stages of EIA notification 2006?

Category A projects require mandatory environmental clearance and thus they do not undergo the screening process. Category B projects undergoes screening process and they are classified into two types….After 2006 Amendment the EIA cycle comprises of four stages:

  • Screening.
  • Scoping.
  • Public hearing.
  • Appraisal.

What are the key changes in the Environment Impact Assessment Notification 2020?

The EIA Notification 2020 excludes reporting by the public of violations and non-compliance. Instead, the government will take cognisance of reports only from the violator-promoter, government authority, Appraisal Committee or Regulatory Authority.

Has EIA 2020 been implemented?

Key changes proposed: However, the Draft EIA Notification has not been implemented yet, and further to intervention by courts, time to provide suggestions/objections was allowed until August 11, 2020. The High Court of Karnataka has also restrained the central government from publishing the final notification.

When was the electronic EIA 2006 notification issued?

EIA 2006 was issued on 14th September 2006, in supersession of EIA 1994, except in respect of things done or omitted to be done before such supersession. The Notification is issued under relevant provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

Is MOEF ready to amend EIA Notification – 2006?

As you are aware, your Ministry has proposed a major amendment to the Environment Impact Assessment Notification – 2006 (EIA Notification – 2006) by way of Notification S.O. 195 (E) issued on 19 January 2009. Following the closure of the public commenting period of 60 days, MoEF proposes to go ahead with the amendments anytime now.

What is failure to comply with the EIA Notification?

Failure to comply with the procedures laid down in the EIA Notification is a criminal offence punishable under the Environment Protection Act, 1986 and related criminal procedure laws.