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Why is the ventrogluteal the preferred site for an intramuscular injection?

Why is the ventrogluteal the preferred site for an intramuscular injection?

The ventrogluteal injection site is an area on the most prominent part of the hip that’s considered the preferred site for intramuscular injections. Experts say it’s one of the safest areas for such injections because of the thick thigh muscles in the area. There are also fewer blood vessels and nerves in that area.

Which is the most appropriate site for an intramuscular IM injection?

A ventrogluteal site is the most commonly used and recommended site for IM injections in adults and children of walking age because of the large muscle mass. This site is located away from the superior and inferior gluteal arteries as well as the sciatic and superior gluteal nerves,9 and is also the least painful.

Where should a deltoid injection be given?

Give in the central and thickest portion of the deltoid muscle – above the level of the armpit and approximately 2–3 fingerbreadths (~2″) below the acromion process. See the diagram. To avoid causing an injury, do not inject too high (near the acromion process) or too low.

What position should the patient be in for a Ventrogluteal injection?

You should lie on your side with the side of your body that you’ll be using for the injection facing up. Bend your knee on the side of your body that you’ll be using for the injection. Have your friend, family member, or caregiver, place the palm of their hand on the greater trochanter of the femur.

Why is the ventrogluteal site not recommended?

Despite its usage by health care professionals traditionally, in the literature it is stated that dorsogluteal site is most risky site for injection because of it is rich in terms of vein number, it is close to the sciatic nerve and its subcutaneous tissue is thicker than other sites (Newton et al., 1992; Nicoll and …

Why is the ventrogluteal site preferred over Dorsogluteal?

Background: Although the dorsogluteal region is frequently used for intramuscular injections, the ventrogluteal region is suggested as a more secure injection site due to its distance to the neurovascular structures.

What is the main disadvantage of the ventrogluteal site for administering an injection?

Disadvantages: If the injection is given inferior or medially from the intended ‘upper outer quadrant’ this may result in: Damage to the sciatic nerve, leading to pain or paralysis (temporary or permanent) Inadvertent administration of the drug intravenously by entering the superior gluteal artery.

Why is the Dorsogluteal site not recommended?

Because of the sciatic nerve location, the dorsogluteal muscle is not recommended as an injection site. If a needle hits the sciatic nerve, the patient may experience partial or permanent paralysis of the leg.

Why should intramuscular injection be given in the middle of deltoid?

Most vaccines should be given via the intramuscular route into the deltoid or the anterolateral aspect of the thigh. This optimises the immunogenicity of the vaccine and minimises adverse reactions at the injection site.

Which muscle is used for Ventrogluteal injection?

The ventrogluteal site involves the gluteus medius and minimus muscles and is a safe injection site for adults, children, and infants. This site provides the greatest thickness of gluteal muscle that is free of penetrating nerves and blood vessels and it has a narrower layer of fat.

Can you inject 2 mL in deltoid?

The deltoid site is mostly commonly used for immunizations. However, up to 1 mL of any medication may be administrated to this muscle (the maximum volume should never exceed 2 mL).

What is a ventrogluteal injection?

Your muscles have lots of blood flowing through them, so medications injected into them are quickly absorbed into your bloodstream. A ventrogluteal injection is an IM injection into an area on the side of your hip known as the ventrogluteal site. Keep reading to learn about the benefits of ventrogluteal injections and how to administer them.

Is the ventrogluteal area an alternative site for intramuscular injections in infants and toddlers?

Background: Although recent literature has reported that the ventrogluteal area can be an alternative site for intramuscular injections in children ≤12 months of age, little research-based evidence has been found for the use of the ventrogluteal site in infants and toddlers.

Is there a safer intramuscular injection site in the deltoid muscle?

It is becoming increasingly important for clinicians to identify a safer intramuscular (IM) injection site in the deltoid muscle because of possible complications following the vaccine administration of IM injections.

Is the middle of the vastus lateralis an appropriate site for injection?

The middle of the vastus lateralis is an appropriate site for intramuscular injections because of the low risk of vascular or nerve damage. The present results support good practices for site selection for intramuscular injections. KEYWORDS: Intramuscular injections, thigh, safety, femoral nerve, femoral artery Introduction