Why is it called Niedersachsen?
The word Niedersachsen was first used before 1300 in a Dutch rhyming chronicle (Reimchronik). From the 14th century it referred to the Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg (as opposed to Saxe-Wittenberg). On the creation of the imperial circles in 1500, a Lower Saxon Circle was distinguished from a Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle.
What is Lower Saxony known for?
Lower Saxony is also a top-rung agricultural state. It is the leading producer of potatoes, chickens and turkeys. Meanwhile, the state capital, Hanover, is known for hosting trade fairs. Probably the best known is CeBIT, the world’s largest technology fair.
Why is it called Lower Saxony?
Duke Widukind & Charlemagne. The name Lower Saxony is derived from the Saxons, a loose grouping of Germanic tribal peoples who, under the leadership of Duke Widukind, were involved in a series of legendary clashes with Charlemagne in the late eighth century.
Is Hamburg in Lower Saxony?
The city lies on the River Elbe and two of its tributaries, the River Alster and the River Bille. One of Germany’s 16 federated states, Hamburg is surrounded by Schleswig-Holstein to the north and Lower Saxony to the south.
Is Lower Saxony the same as Niedersachsen?
Lower Saxony (German: Niedersachsen) is a German state situated in northwestern Germany. It was created by the merger of the State of Hanover (Hannover) with Brunswick (Braunschweig), Oldenburg, and Schaumburg-Lippe on 1 November 1946.
Was Hanover in East or West Germany?
Hannover, English Hanover, city, capital of Lower Saxony Land (state), northwestern Germany. It lies on the Leine River and the Mittelland Canal, where the spurs of the Harz Mountains meet the wide North German Plain.
Is Lower Saxony a state in Germany?
Lower Saxony, German Niedersachsen, Land (state) of Germany. The country’s second largest state in size, Lower Saxony occupies an important band of territory across the northwestern part of the country.
Why did Britain lose Hanover?
The personal union with the United Kingdom ended in 1837 upon the accession of Queen Victoria because semi-Salic law prevented females from inheriting the Hanoverian throne while a dynastic male was still alive. Her uncle Ernest Augustus thus became the ruler of Hanover.
When did Saxony become part of Germany?
In 843 Saxony became part of the East Frankish, or German, kingdom.