Who was the leader of the National Union of Mineworkers during the 1984 strike?
Arthur Scargill (born 11 January 1938) is a British trade unionist who was President of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) from 1982 to 2002. He is best known for leading the 1984–1985 miners’ strike, a major event in the history of the British labour movement.
What was the miners Union?
The United Mine Workers of America (UMW or UMWA) is a North American labor union best known for representing coal miners. Today, the Union also represents health care workers, truck drivers, manufacturing workers and public employees in the United States and Canada.
Who was the leader of the National Union of Mineworkers?
Thamsanqa Piet MatosaNational Union of Mineworkers / President
What did the mineworkers in the anthracite strike want?
The anthracite coal strike The 150,000 miners wanted their weekly pay envelope. Tens of millions of city dwellers needed coal to heat their homes.
What did Margaret Thatcher do to the miners?
The government strategy, designed by Margaret Thatcher, was threefold: to build up ample coal stocks, to keep as many miners at work as possible, and to use police to break up attacks by pickets on working miners. The critical element was the NUM’s failure to hold a national strike ballot.
What was the cause of the 1984 miners strike?
The miners’ strike of 1984-1985 was one of the most bitter industrial disputes Britain has ever seen. The year-long strike involved hardship and violence as pit communities from South Wales to Scotland fought to retain their local collieries – for many the only source of employment.
Why did the United Mine Workers strike happen?
The union had hoped to regain members and influence by calling a lengthy strike in 1993 to protest the opening of nonunion mines, but the unsuccessful strike against the Bituminous Coal Operators Association further weakened the image of the UMWA.
Who started the coal miners union?
President of the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) from 1920 until 1960 and founding president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), John Llewellyn Lewis was the dominant voice shaping the labor movement in the 1930s.
What are the goals of the National Union of Mineworkers?
What are the aims of NUM? Its aims are (1) to recruit and unite into a single organisation all workers employed in the mining industry in order to improve their economic and social welfare, and (2) to improve the wages and working conditions as well as the social benefits of members.
What does the National Union of Mineworkers represent?
The National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) is a trade union in South Africa. With a membership of 300,000 it is the largest affiliate of the Congress of South African Trade Unions.
Was the anthracite coal strike successful?
The victory in the anthracite coalfields breathed new life into the American labor movement. 55 It strengthened moderate labor leaders and progressive businessmen who championed negotiations as a way to labor peace. It enhanced the reputation of President Theodore Roosevelt.
How many mines were closed under Thatcher?
In early 1984, the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher announced plans to close 20 coal pits which led to the year-long miners’ strike which ended in March 1985.