## Which algorithmic strategy is used in merge sort?

Divide and Conquer algorithm

Like QuickSort, Merge Sort is a Divide and Conquer algorithm. It divides the input array into two halves, calls itself for the two halves, and then it merges the two sorted halves. The merge() function is used for merging two halves.

## Is merge sort in place sorting algorithm?

Unlike some (efficient) implementations of quicksort, merge sort is a stable sort. Merge sort’s most common implementation does not sort in place; therefore, the memory size of the input must be allocated for the sorted output to be stored in (see below for variations that need only n/2 extra spaces).

**What is the time complexity of the conquer step of the merge sort algorithm?**

The time complexity of MergeSort is O(n*Log n) in all the 3 cases (worst, average and best) as the mergesort always divides the array into two halves and takes linear time to merge two halves.

**Why merge sort algorithm is used?**

Merge Sort is useful for sorting linked lists. Merge Sort is a stable sort which means that the same element in an array maintain their original positions with respect to each other. Overall time complexity of Merge sort is O(nLogn). It is more efficient as it is in worst case also the runtime is O(nlogn)

### What is merge sort algorithm explain with example?

Merge sort is one of the most efficient sorting algorithms. It works on the principle of Divide and Conquer. Merge sort repeatedly breaks down a list into several sublists until each sublist consists of a single element and merging those sublists in a manner that results into a sorted list.

### What is merge sort algorithm with example?

Merge sort is a sorting technique based on divide and conquer technique. With worst-case time complexity being Ο(n log n), it is one of the most respected algorithms. Merge sort first divides the array into equal halves and then combines them in a sorted manner.

**Why merge sort is not an in-place algorithm?**

Because it copies more than a constant number of elements at some time, we say that merge sort does not work in place. By contrast, both selection sort and insertion sort do work in place, since they never make a copy of more than a constant number of array elements at any one time.

**What is the best algorithm for sorting?**

Quicksort

Quicksort is one of the most efficient sorting algorithms, and this makes of it one of the most used as well. The first thing to do is to select a pivot number, this number will separate the data, on its left are the numbers smaller than it and the greater numbers on the right.

#### How many times is merge sort called?

Since each recursive step is one half the length of n . Since we know that merge sort is O(n log n) could stop here as MergeSort is called log n times, the merge must be called n times.

#### Where is merge sort used?

Mergesort is used when we want a guaranteed running time of O ( n log n ) O(n \log n) O(nlogn), regardless of the state of the input. Mergesort is a stable sort with a space complexity of O ( n ) O(n) O(n).

**Why is merge sort best?**

**Why we use merge sort?**

## What is the algorithm for merge sort in data structure?

Algorithm for Merge Sort in Data Structure 1 Middle point is found to divide the array into 2 halves: m = (left+right)/2 2 MergeSort is called for first half: Call mergeSort (myarr, left, m) 3 MergeSort is called for second half: Call mergeSort (myarr, m+1, right) 4 Above 2 halves are merged using below algorithm:

## What is the time complexity of merge sort?

Time Complexity: Sorting arrays on different machines. Merge Sort is a recursive algorithm and time complexity can be expressed as following recurrence relation. T (n) = 2T (n/2) + θ (n) The above recurrence can be solved either using the Recurrence Tree method or the Master method.

**What is merge sort in C++?**

Last Updated : 01 Jul, 2021 Like QuickSort, Merge Sort is a Divide and Conquer algorithm. It divides the input array into two halves, calls itself for the two halves, and then merges the two sorted halves. The merge () function is used for merging two halves.

**What is the difference between internal sort and merge sort?**

Used internal Sorting: The type of sorting required to be done on data resides in secondary memory. This is required in case when the amount of data is too large to fit into the main memory. Since the memory location of data need not be contiguous in secondary memory thus merge sort is preferred.