What is triaxial compression test?
DEFINITIONS. 2.1 Triaxial Compression Test—the triaxial compression test a test in which a cylindrical specimen of soil or rock encased in an impervious membrane is subjected to a confining pressure and then loaded axially to failure in compression.
What is triaxial test used for?
A triaxial shear test is a common method to measure the mechanical properties of many deformable solids, especially soil (e.g., sand, clay) and rock, and other granular materials or powders. There are several variations on the test.
Why is triaxial compression test important?
Primary benefits of Triaxial Testing include its versatility over other tests, like Direct Shear Testing, as well as its ability to study the effects of fluids on mechanical properties of solids. Additionally, Triaxial Testing is useful for determining deformations where Poisson’s ratio of the material is important.
What is triaxial compressive strength?
triaxial compression test A test for the compressive strength in all directions (compare UNIAXIAL COMPRESSION TEST) of a rock or soil sample, using a triaxial cell. Tests in which drainage is prevented are called ‘undrained’ tests and the strengths obtained are ‘undrained’ strengths.
What is the meaning of triaxial?
: having or involving three axes.
What are the types of triaxial test?
There are three main types of test: Consolidated Undrained triaxial test (CU) Consolidated Drained triaxial test (CD) Unconsolidated Undrained triaxial test (UU)
What are the merits of triaxial test?
Merits of triaxial shear test: Triaxial test has complete control over drainage conditions. The test can easily be conducted for all three types of drainage conditions. 2. Precise measurement of pore pressure and change in volume during the test is possible.
What are the advantages of triaxial test?
Advantages of Triaxial Test The stress distribution on the failure plane is uniform. There is complete control over the drainage. Pore pressure changes and the volumetric changes can be measured directly. The state of stress at all intermediate stages upto failure is known.
How is triaxial test conducted in laboratory?
A typical triaxial test involves confining a cylindrical soil or rock specimen in a pressurised cell to simulate a stress condition and then shearing to failure, in order to determine the shear strength properties of the sample. Most triaxial tests are performed on high quality undisturbed specimens.
What is triaxial stress?
Triaxial stress refers to a condition where only normal stresses act on an element and all shear stresses (txy, txz, and tyz) are zero. An example of a triaxial stress state is hydrostatic pressure acting on a small element submerged in a liquid. Triaxial Stress, Biaxial Stress, and Uniaxial Stress.
What is the difference between unconfined compression test and triaxial test?
The main difference between Unconfined compression test and triaxil compression test is that in this test the confining cell pressure is kept zero during the test, in fact it is a special case of triaxial test.
How reliable is a triaxial test?
Among the various shear strength determination laboratory procedures, Triaxial compression/extension tests are undoubtedly most reliable. Best wishes! Normally Triaxial test is the best method to evaluate the shear strength of soil.
What is the apparatus for triaxial compression test?
The main apparatus for triaxial compression test is the triaxial cell that is shown in Fig. 13.19 with all its accessories. The triaxial cell is a high-pressure cylindrical cell made of Perspex or other transparent material fitted between the base and the top cap.
What is the direction of principal stress in triaxial compression test?
The direction of principal stresses is known in the triaxial compression test. The minor principal stress is horizontal, equal to cell pressure, and major principal stress is vertical. The magnitude of cell pressure is directly indicated by the dial gauge of the lateral pressure assembly apparatus. So the minor principal stress –
What is the most common triaxial test?
Finally, the consolidated undrained (CU) test is the most common triaxial procedure, as it allows strength parameters to be determined based on the effective stresses (i.e., φ’ and c’) while permitting a faster rate of shearing than the CD test.
What is cyclic/dynamic Triaxial testing?
Cyclic/Dynamic triaxial testing (to determine the cyclic shear strength of a sample and also used for modulus and damping properties) Small Strain analysis (used for stiffness analysis) using on-sample transducers measuring axial and radial deformation can also be performed.