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What is the role of finance in the Nigerian economy?

What is the role of finance in the Nigerian economy?

The Nigeria economy revolves round the hub of an active financial system. This system consists of financial institutions, financial markets, financial instruments and improved rules and regulations that facilitate and regulate the flow of funds from surplus units to the deficit units.

What is the importance of finance in the economy?

Financial structures fund businesses and companies, contributing to job growth and, in turn, growing economic development and trade. Increased trade leads to increased competition, such as sales and marketing that increase jobs in these sectors further.

What are the importance of financial institutions to economic development?

Financial institutions are important because they provide a marketplace for money and assets, so that capital can be efficiently allocated to where it is most useful. For example, a bank takes in deposits from customers and lends the money to borrowers.

What are the ways of financing economic development in Nigeria?


  • Internal borrowing, e.g. from banks.
  • Aids and grants from international economic organisations.
  • Loans from international financial institutions, e.g. IMF and World Bank.
  • Government savings and reserve.
  • Debt conversation.
  • Through budget surplus.

What are the source of finance in Nigeria?

The main sources of government finance consist of petroleum royalties and rents, import duties, and corporate income and value-added taxes.

What do you understand by Nigeria financial system?

The Nigerian financial system consists of banks and non-bank financial institutions which are regulated by the central bank of Nigeria (CBN) and the Federal Ministry of Finance, Nigeria deposit insurance corporation (NDIC), securities and exchange commission (SEC),the national insurance commission (NIC), and the …

What are the benefits of finance?

Here are the top five benefits of financing:

  • Boost sales. Financing can help your business close more sales by giving customers the flexibility to make regular loan payments that work with their budget constraints.
  • Increase average order value.
  • Improve cash flow.
  • Attract new customers.
  • Earn repeat business.

What are the reasons for development planning in Nigeria?

(v) Through good development planning, Nigeria’s economy will be diversified to many sectors. (vii) Through good development planning, Nigeria’s agricultural and industrial productivity will increase thereby attaining the height of self-sufficiency.

What are the problems associated with economic planning in West Africa?

Problems facing development planners or associated with economic planning in West Africa include:

  • Political instability: Political instability or frequent changes in government often leads to change in plans.
  • Inadequate capital: Inadequate capital makes economic planning difficult to achieve.

What are the 5 sources of finance?

5 Main Sources of Finance

  • Source # 1. Commercial Banks:
  • Source # 2. Indigenous Bankers:
  • Source # 3. Trade Credit:
  • Source # 4. Installment Credit:
  • Source # 5. Advances:

What are the 10 sources of finance?

List of Sources of Finance

  • Sources of Finance: Personal Savings. One of the common sources of finance is personal savings.
  • Taking Out Loans.
  • Seeking Funds Through Venture Capitalists.
  • Finding Angel Investors.
  • Applying for Small Business Grants.
  • Using Credit Lines and Cards.
  • Selling Your Company Stock Privately.

What are the benefits of financial system?

Hence, a major goal of financial systems is to provide economic stability. Central banks have the major role of keeping the economy stable or stabilizing it if it falters.

What is the role of banks in the development of Nigeria?

They act as a catalyst to facilitate economic growth/development widely recognized by both monetary and development economists. The financial system of Nigeria is dominated by the banking sector, especially the deposit money bank which provides the foundation for the development of the financial system.

How do interest rates affect money in circulation in Nigeria?

Interest rates have a direct impact on the amount of money in circulation. In Nigeria, the Central Bank raises or lowers the Monetary Policy Rate – i.e. is the interest rate that it charges banks for borrowing money – to either constrict or expand money supply.

What are the targets of financial inclusion in Nigeria?

Targets of Financial Inclusion: One of the targets of financial inclusion in Nigeria is to reduce financial exclusion to 20 per cent by 2020 from the 2012 level of 46.3 per cent. (i.e. to reduce the total number of people who are unbanked by 20 per cent.)

How does the Central Bank of Nigeria reduce the base money?

If the central bank observes that prices are rising and there is too much money in circulation, it may reduce the base money by decreasing money supply. To reduce the base money, the CBN sells financial securities to banks and the non-bank public so as to reduce the money creation ability of commercial banks.