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What is the difference between health anxiety and hypochondria?

What is the difference between health anxiety and hypochondria?

Health anxiety is an obsessive and irrational worry about having a serious medical condition. It’s also called illness anxiety, and was formerly called hypochondria. This condition is marked by a person’s imagination of physical symptoms of illness.

How can I help my hypochondriac anxiety?

Hypochondriac Treatment Self-help for hypochondria can include: Learning stress management and relaxation techniques. Avoiding online searches for the possible meanings behind your symptoms. Focusing on outside activities such as a hobby you enjoy or volunteer work you feel passionate about.

Is being a hypochondriac anxiety?

Is hypochondria a form of anxiety? Yes. Hypochondria, also known as illness anxiety, is a mental disorder in which the affected person has excessive and constant fear of having a serious medical condition despite receiving a clean bill of health and reassurances from health care providers.

Should hypochondriacs go to therapy?

In addition to the types of therapy listed above, individual or talk therapy can be a helpful first step that allows people with hypochondria to address their health anxiety in a safe, validating space and be referred to medical treatment if physical health is the root concern.

Is hypochondria a OCD?

While some people’s obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) focuses on their health, health anxiety (sometimes called hypochondriasis) is not a form of OCD, and OCD can involve thoughts and anxieties that aren’t related to illness. If you’re experiencing OCD, health anxiety, or both, effective treatments are available.

What is the best medication for hypochondria?

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and the antidepressant drug fluoxetine (FLX) have both been shown to be effective treatments for hypochondriasis.

Can health anxiety cause fake symptoms?

People with health anxiety often misinterpret normal or benign physical symptoms and attribute them to something more serious. For example, if they were to compress an arm while asleep, instead of rolling over and shaking off the numb feeling, they might worry they were having a stroke.

What is the root cause of hypochondria?

Childhood trauma, such as child abuse or neglect. Extreme stress. Health anxieties or other anxiety disorders in your family. Childhood illness or serious illness in your family during childhood.

What is the best treatment for hypochondria?

What is Warwick and Salkovskis model of health anxiety?

Salkovskis and Warwick are leading proponents of the misinterpretation model of health-anxiety (Salkovskis, 1989; Warwick & Salkovskis, 1989, 1990). In their model individuals are considered to develop hypochondriasis when critical incidents activate dysfunctional assumptions concerning health.

What is the cognitive model of hypochondriasis based on Warwick and Salkovskis?

A cognitive model of hypochondriasis based on Warwick and Salkovskis (1989) depicting a relationship between these mechanisms is presented in Figure 6.0. Figure 6.0 A cognitive model of health anxiety (adapted from Salkovskis, 1989; Warwick & Salkovskis, 1990)

What is the literature on Hypochondriasis in psychiatry?

of Psychiatry, 152, 239–241. Warwick, H. M. C., & Salkovskis, P. M. (1985). Hypochondriasis. British Medical Journal, 290,

Is there a relationship between health anxiety and hypochondriasis?

Summary-Hypochondriasis and other syndromes in which health anxiety is prominent are frequently seen in clinical practice and often pose problems of management. In contrast with other anxiety problems. the conceptualization and treatment of health anxiety has developed very little in recent years.