What is the brief history of Venezuela?
Summary. Venezuela effectively achieved its independence from Spain by 1819 as part of the Republic of Colombia, and the United States recognized the Colombian federation in 1822. After Venezuela separated from Colombia in 1830, the United States recognized and established diplomatic relations with Venezuela in 1835.
How did Venezuela get its name?
Etymology. According to the most popular and accepted version, in 1499, an expedition led by Alonso de Ojeda visited the Venezuelan coast. The stilt houses in the area of Lake Maracaibo reminded the Italian navigator, Amerigo Vespucci, of the city of Venice, Italy, so he named the region Veneziola, or “Little Venice”.
When was Venezuela founded?
|1498||Christopher Columbus sights the coast of what is now Venezuela|
|1953||A new constitution is established and the country’s name is changed from the United States of Venezuela to the Republic of Venezuela|
|1958||A general strike in Venezuela causes Jimenez to flee the country. Rómulo Betancourt is elected President|
Who established Venezuela?
After two more years of war, the country achieved independence from Spain in 1821 under the leadership of its most famous son, Simón Bolívar.
Who lived in Venezuela first?
There were three main groups: the Carib, Arawak, and the Chibcha. They lived in small groups and all of them practiced some degree of farming; the land, however, was bountiful enough so that this was not always a necessity.
How did Venezuela start?
In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish-American colonies to declare independence, which was not securely established until 1821, when Venezuela was a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia. It gained full independence as a separate country in 1830.
What caused the problem in Venezuela?
Supporters of Chávez and Maduro have said that the problems result from an “economic war” on Venezuela and “falling oil prices, international sanctions, and the country’s business elite”, while critics of the government say the cause is “years of economic mismanagement, and corruption.” Most observers cite anti- …