What is sororate family?
sororate, custom or law decreeing that a widower should, or in rare cases must, marry his deceased wife’s sister. The term comes from the Latin word soror, “sister,” and was introduced by the British anthropologist Sir James George Frazer.
What is the difference between levirate and sororate marriage?
A sororate marriage is one in which a member of the bride’s family, typically a sister or cousin, will be married to the husband if the wife passes away. Conversely, a levirate marriage is one in which a brother or other male member of the husband’s family will be married to a husband’s widow.
What is levirate family?
levirate, custom or law decreeing that a widow should, or in rare cases must, marry her dead husband’s brother. The term comes from the Latin levir, meaning “husband’s brother.” The “brother” may be a biological sibling of the deceased or a person who is socially classified as such.
What are the reasons for levirate and sororate type of marriage?
Sororate marriage is a type of marriage in which a husband engages in marriage or sexual relations with the sister of his wife, usually after the death of his wife or if his wife has proven infertile. The opposite is levirate marriage.
What is the law of levirate?
The law of levirate marriage (Deut. 25.5–10) requires the levir to marry his sister-in-law, while at the same time allowing him to be released from this obligation. This article argues that these inherent contradictory trends relate to the fact that the law forces the levir to marry a woman whom he did not choose.
What is the example of sororate marriage?
Judaism. Levirate marriage was encouraged among ancient Jewish cultures; the chief example of sororate marriage found in the Hebrew Bible is that of sisters Rachel and Leah to one husband Jacob, the forebear of the Twelve Tribes of Israel.
What is non fraternal polyandry?
Two forms have been recorded: fraternal polyandry in which a group of brothers share a wife, and non-fraternal polyandry in which a woman’s husbands are not related.
What is meant by levirate marriage?
This practice specifies that a man’s widow must marry his surviving brother in order to continue the relationship between their respective groups that was initiated in the original marriage. Levirate marriage is mentioned in the Bible as a standard marriage regulation among the ancient Hebrews.
What is the purpose of levirate marriage?
The purpose of levirate marriage is to ensure continuation for the deceased (both by reproduction and by preserving his land within the family),14 as it is stated: ‘And the first son whom she bears shall succeed to the name of his brother who is dead, that his name may not be blotted out of Israel.
What is polyandry family?
polyandry, marriage of a woman to two or more men at the same time; the term derives from the Greek polys, “many,” and anēr, andros, “man.” When the husbands in a polyandrous marriage are brothers or are said to be brothers, the institution is called adelphic, or fraternal, polyandry.
What type of marriage is known as levirate marriage?
Levirate marriage is a type of marriage in which the brother of a deceased man is obliged to marry his brother’s widow. Levirate marriage has been practiced by societies with a strong clan structure in which exogamous marriage (i.e. marriage outside the clan) is forbidden.
What is levirate Union?
The term Levirate comes from the Latin ‘levir’ which means a husband’s brother. Levirate unions are those in which a widow is taken by one of her late husband’s brothers in order to raise up children for him (New World Encyclopedia). There is another form of union closely related to this called Sororate marriage.
What is levirate and sororate?
The levirate is found in patrilineal societies in which the bride marries into her husband’s family while essentially severing her ties with her original family. The custom of the marriage of a man to the sister of his wife, usually after the wife has died. The sororate was operative during the feudal period, at least among the feudal lords.
What is levirate marriage?
Levirate marriage has been practiced by societies with a strong clan structure in which exogamous marriage (i.e. marriage outside the clan) is forbidden. Sororate, custom or law decreeing that a widower should, or in rare cases must, marry his deceased wife’s sister.
What is the difference between parallel cousin and Sororate marriage?
In parallel cousin marriage, the children of two same sex siblings marry. Patrilateral parallel cousin marriage is the most common form of parallel cousin marriage, where the children of two brothers marry. In sororate marriage, if a man’s wife dies then the family members of the deceased woman will offer other female kin to the widowed husband.