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What is post harvest facilities?

What is post harvest facilities?

DEFINING POST-HARVEST MANAGEMENT Post-harvest management is a system of handling, storing, and transporting agricultural commodities after harvest. For some commodities such as coffee and cocoa, post-harvest activities may include drying and fermenting as well.

What are the post harvest handling methods?

Some of the handling practices which include harvesting, precooling, cleaning and disinfecting, sorting and grading, packaging, transportation, and storage are discussed below.

  • 2.1. Harvesting.
  • 2.2. Precooling after Harvest.
  • 2.3. Cleaning or Disinfecting.
  • 2.4. Sorting and Grading.
  • 2.5. Packaging.
  • 2.6. Storage.

What is post harvest handling of crops?

In agriculture, postharvest handling is the stage of crop production immediately following harvest, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing. The instant a crop is removed from the ground, or separated from its parent plant, it begins to deteriorate.

What are post harvest equipments?

A catalog of postharvest processing equipment is available from Intermediate Technology Publications. Included are driers, storage containers, cleaners, hand mills, power mills, shellers, decorticators (seed removers), oil processing equipment, fruit presses, and root crop cutters/graters.

Why postharvest handling is important?

The field of postharvest practices addresses issues of handling, transportation and temperature control for crops after harvest. Good postharvest handlng is critical to reducing postharvest losses of fresh produce, to maintain quality, preserve nutrient content, and earn higher prices at market.

What are the benefits of having post harvest facilities?

“Rural poverty can be reduced through better post-harvest management, which not only helps significantly raise farmers’ income but also provides direct employment opportunities,” said Martin Lemoine, Senior Investment Specialist at ADB’s Private Sector Operations Department.

What is the importance of post harvest handling?

After harvest, fruits and vegetables need to be handled with care to maintain freshness, nutrient content, taste and quality. Fruits and vegetables are highly perishable, and so poor after harvest handling can result in losses.

What are the best facilities of fruits and vegetables in post harvest?

Most fruit and vegetable crops retain better quality at high relative humidity (80 to 95%), but at this humidity, disease growth is encouraged. The cool temperatures in storage rooms help to reduce disease growth, but sanitation and other preventative methods are also required.

What is post harvest storage?

Postharvest storage implies a strict control of environmental temperature and humidity in the storing chamber, and it is known that cuticle properties are largely influenced by these two factors (Edelmann et al., 2005; Matas et al., 2005).

Why is postharvest handling important?

What is the post harvest technology?

Post harvest technology is inter-disciplinary “Science and Technique” applied to agricultural produce after harvest for its protection, conservation, processing, packaging, distribution, marketing, and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirements of the people in relation to their needs.

What is post harvest infrastructure?

Under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) assistance is provided for development of post harvest management and marketing infrastructure such as cold storages, ripening chamber, pack houses, reefer vehicles to farmers to improve marketability of their produce.