What is Peloponnesian War summary?
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.
What happened at Mytilene?
The Mytilenean revolt was an incident in the Peloponnesian War in which the city of Mytilene attempted to unify the island of Lesbos under its control and revolt from the Athenian Empire….Mytilenean revolt.
What did Thucydides say about the Peloponnesian War?
In his opening lines, Thucydides says he wrote about the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta, “beginning at the moment that it broke out, and believing that it would be a great war and more worthy of relation than any that had preceded it.” At the time, Athens was a great sea power with a democratic political …
What did Thucydides do in the Peloponnesian War?
With his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides chronicled what was perhaps the most momentous event of the ancient Greek world. He explored the major personalities on each side of the conflict and examined the political origins of the clash between Sparta and an ascendant Athens.
What caused Peloponnesian War?
The Peloponnesian War was caused by the growing power of Athens and Sparta. It was also caused by their rivalry, and the tensions built between city-states by the Delian League.
What caused the Peloponnesian War to break out?
Sparta and its allies accused Athens of aggression and threatened war. On the advice of Pericles, its most influential leader, Athens refused to back down. Diplomatic efforts to resolve the dispute failed. Finally, in the spring of 431, a Spartan ally, Thebes, attacked an Athenian ally, Plataea, and open war began.
Who won the Peloponnesian War?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.
Who won at mantinea?
The great Battle of Mantinea (also called “Second Mantinea” to distinguish it from the events of 418) was a technical victory for Thebes in the strictly military sense, but (as Xenophon noted) it was actually indecisive: Epaminondas’s death permanently crushed Theban hopes of leadership in Greece.
What is Thucydides theory?
Thucydides Trap, or Thucydides’s Trap, is a term popularized by American political scientist Graham T. Allison to describe an apparent tendency towards war when an emerging power threatens to displace an existing great power as a regional or international hegemon.
Why did the Peloponnesian War Start Thucydides?
A number of sources of friction sparked the hostilities, notably Athenian intervention in a quarrel between Corinth (Sparta’s ally) and her colony Corcyra, but the real reason for the conflict, according to the Athenian historian Thucydides, was the rise of Athens to greatness, which made the Spartans fear for their …
Why did Thucydides write about the Peloponnesian War?
In the first sentence of his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides wrote that he began writing about the war because he believed “it would be a great war, and more worthy of relation than any other that had preceded it.” He went on to identify what he believed to be the “real cause” of the war.
Who won Peloponnesian War?
What are some interesting facts about the Peloponnesian War?
Interesting Facts about the Peloponnesian War The first major war between Athens and Sparta is often called the Archidamian War after Sparta’s King Archidamus II. The “long walls” of Athens were around 4 ½ miles long each. The entire length of the walls around the city and the ports was around 22 miles.
Why did Athens fight in the Second Peloponnesian War?
In 415 BC, Athens decided to help one of their allies on the island of Sicily. They sent a large force there to attack the city of Syracuse. Athens lost the battle horribly and Sparta decided to retaliate starting the Second Peloponnesian War.
How did the Peloponnesian War change the power of Sparta?
This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region. The war featured two periods of combat separated by a six-year truce.
What weapons were used in the Peloponnesian War?
Peloponnesian War. The Greek soldiers were called hoplites. They typically fought with shields, a short sword, and a spear. Sparta was defeated by Thebes in 371 BC at the Battle of Leuctra.