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What is melanocytic hyperplasia?

What is melanocytic hyperplasia?

Melanocytic hyperplasia (or epidermal melanocytosis) consists in an increased number of melanocytes along the epidermal basal layer. Melanocytes are also more evident for their large size, large nucleus and prominent cytoplasm.

What does melanocytic atypia mean?

Atypical melanocytic lesions, which are also called atypical moles or atypical melanocytic hyperlasias, are pigmented moles that contain abnormal cells. These moles are usually benign. However, in some cases, atypical melanocytic lesions can become melanomas.

What is atypical melanocytic nevus?

INTRODUCTION. Atypical nevi, also known as dysplastic nevi, are benign acquired melanocytic neoplasms. Atypical nevi share some of the clinical features of melanoma, such as asymmetry, irregular borders, multiple colors, and diameter >5 mm (picture 1A). They occur sporadically or in a familial setting.

What is severe melanocytic atypia?

Severe cytologic atypia is defined as enlarged, spindle- and epithelioid-shaped melanocytes with hyperchromatic nuclei of melanocytes that are typically larger than basal keratinocytes (2 times or greater than the nuclei of basal keratinocytes), with distinct nucleoli.

Does melanocytic mean melanoma?

Melanocytes: These are the cells that can become melanoma. They normally make a brown pigment called melanin, which gives the skin its tan or brown color.

Is atypical melanocytic proliferation melanoma?

Atypical intraepidermal melanocytic proliferation (AIMP) is a descriptive histopathologic term commonly used in these cases to denote morphology sharing some features with melanoma but failing to meet criteria of a definitive benign or malignant diagnosis.

What means melanocytic?

: a cell (as of the skin, eye, or hair follicle) that produces melanin — see melansome — compare melanophore.

Does melanocytic mean malignant?

Melanoma is a cancer that begins in the melanocytes. Other names for this cancer include malignant melanoma and cutaneous melanoma. Most melanoma cells still make melanin, so melanoma tumors are usually brown or black. But some melanomas do not make melanin and can appear pink, tan, or even white.

Is melanocytic nevus benign or malignant?

Melanocytic nevi are benign neoplasms or hamartomas composed of melanocytes, the pigment-producing cells that constitutively colonize the epidermis.

How do doctors treat melanoma?

The main treatment for melanoma is surgical removal, or excision, of the primary melanoma on the skin. The extent of the surgery depends on the thickness of the melanoma. Most melanomas are found when they are less than 1.0 mm thick, and outpatient surgery is often the only treatment needed.

Should dysplastic nevus be removed?

The best way to treat a dysplastic nevus depends on its category. Mildly dysplastic nevi do not need further treatment, while severely dysplastic nevi should be surgically removed. There is less consensus among leading physicians on the best treatment option for moderately dysplastic nevi.

Are atypical moles a sign of melanoma?

Moles that present with irregular borders, have multiple colours or show signs of asymmetry can be considered as atypical moles. These abnormal moles features are the same as the ABCD signs of melanoma, which explains why it’s important to get them checked out.

What is mild cytological atypia?

What is mild cytological atypia? Mild cytologic atypia is defined as lesions with ovoid- to ellipsoid-shaped nuclei, that are smaller than basal keratinocytes, with hyperchromatic nuclei, and without a visible or small nucleoli. Is atypical nevus a melanoma? An atypical mole is not a skin cancer but having these moles is a risk factor for

What is a compound nevus with mild atypia?

Nevi with architectural disorder and cytologic atypia of melanocytes (NAD), aka “dysplastic nevi,” have varying degrees of histologic abnormalities, which can be considered on a spectrum of grades of atypia. Somewhat controversial and subjective criteria have been developed for grading of NAD into three categories “mild,” “moderate,” and “severe.”