What is a preparatory-response?
any response (except the final one) in a series of behaviors that leads to a goal or reinforcement. Preparatory responses themselves are not immediately goal directed.
What is SS and SR learning?
– S-R vs. S-S learning. – Stimulus-substitution vs. Preparatory-response theory. – Compensatory response model.
What is the compensatory response model of conditioning?
Conditioned compensatory response (CR) is an automatic response that is opposite to the effect of alcohol or substance usage. Conditioned behavior is a key part of substance addiction.
What is SS theory?
One theory, called S-S theory, assumes an association between a conditioned stimulus (CS) and internal representation of an unconditioned stimulus (US), allowing the animal to adjust the CR depending on the current value of the US.
What is SR theory of learning?
The learning theory of Thorndike represents the original S-R framework of behavioral psychology: Learning is the result of associations forming between stimuli and responses. Such associations or “habits” become strengthened or weakened by the nature and frequency of the S-R pairings.
What is stimulus response learning?
Stimulus Response Theory is a concept in psychology that refers to the belief that behavior manifests as a result of the interplay between stimulus and response.
What do you understand by SR theory and how it can help in classroom teaching?
The S-R Connectionist Theory believes that learning is a matter of connection between stimulus and response. Every theory in this group is based on the association of stimulus response sequences of behaviour. They believe that all stimuli are bring about by response.
What is SR theory?
Which of the following is an example of conditioned compensatory response?
For example, some people grab a beer or pour a drink immediately after getting home from work. When the body is accustomed to this pattern it will start to prepare itself for an influx of alcohol and start producing a chemical response that keeps the individual from feeling drunk immediately.
What is an example of unconditioned response?
In classical conditioning, an unconditioned response is an unlearned response that occurs naturally in reaction to the unconditioned stimulus. 1 For example, if the smell of food is the unconditioned stimulus, the feeling of hunger in response to the smell of food is the unconditioned response.
Why is classical conditioning called SS conditioning?
As a consequence, the term “classical conditioning” has been extended from Russian physiologist Ivan Petrovich Pavlov’s CS-CR to stimulus—stimulus (S-S) conditioning paradigms involving principally conditioned stimulus-instrumental response (CS-IR) and autoshaping procedures.
Which theories are based on SR theory?
Stimulus-response (S-R) theories are central to the principles of conditioning. They are based on the assumption that human behaviour is learned. One of the early contributors to the field, American psychologist Edward L. Thorndike, postulated the Law of Effect, which stated that those behavioral responses…