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What is a clear cell?

What is a clear cell?

In histology, a clear cell is a cell that shows a clear cytoplasm when stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E).

What is clear cell endometrial cancer?

Clear cell carcinoma comprises a rare yet an aggressive subtype, accounting for less than 5% of all uterine carcinomas. Microscopically, CCC is characterized by clear, often eosinophilic, hobnail cells that exhibit different architectural patterns including solid, papillary, and tubulocystic.

Can DES cause ovarian cancer?

In a recent study,[7] DES exposure in utero was shown to be associated with an elevated risk for ovarian cancer. While preliminary, this finding supports continued monitoring of these patients for gynecologic cancer, as the population of women with a history of antenatal DES exposure is reaching into the fourth decade.

What is clear cell ovarian cancer?

Clear cell carcinoma of the ovary is a rare and distinct histotype of epithelial ovarian carcinomas. Women diagnosed with clear cell carcinomas are usually younger and diagnosed at earlier stages than those with the most common high-grade serous histology.

What is the survival rate of clear cell carcinoma?

The 5-year survival rate for patients with ccRCC is 50-69%. When ccRCC is already large or has spread to other parts of the body, treatment is more difficult and the 5-year survival rate is about 10%.

How serious is clear cell carcinoma?

Patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) tend to have a worse prognosis than patients with other histologic subtypes of RCC, with 5-year disease-specific survival rates of 50-69%, compared with 67-87% for papillary RCC and 78-87% for chRCC.

How fast does clear cell cancer grow?

Clear cell carcinoma (0.86 cm/year) tended to grow faster than papillary cell carcinoma (0.28 cm/year) (P = 0.066). The mean growth rate of grade 2 tumors (0.88 cm/year) was faster than that of grade 1 tumors (0.36 cm/year) (P = 0.041).

How many DES daughters are there?

An estimated five to 10 million were exposed to DES in the womb from 1938-1971. Today, many women might not even know they are at risk, but scientists are calling them the “DES Daughters.” While many women who were given the drug were identified and notified about the DES health concerns, thousands of others were not.

What is a DES child?

Diethylstilboestrol (DES) was a medication commonly prescribed to prevent miscarriage, between 1946 and 1971 in Australia. If your mother took DES while she was pregnant with you, then you are a DES daughter or DES son.

What is the survival rate for clear cell ovarian cancer?

Adjusted for stage, the 5-year disease-specific survival of patients with clear cell carcinoma is worse compared to serous: 85.3% vs. 86.4% for stage I, 60.3% vs. 66.4% stage II, 31.5% vs. 35.0% stage III, and 17.5% vs.

Is clear cell cancer curable?

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma, or ccRCC, is the most common form of kidney cancer. Symptoms of kidney cancer may not be noticeable until cases are more advanced. While there is no cure, there are several treatment options to remove or destroy cancer cells in the kidney.

How long can you live with clear cell renal cell carcinoma?

What is the survival rate for clear cell renal cell carcinoma? As many as 7 in 10 people with small ccRCC tumors are alive five years after the initial diagnosis. Treatment is less effective on large tumors or metastatic cancer. In those cases, five-year survival rates may drop to about 1 in 10.

How does des cause cancer?

DES is now known to be an endocrine -disrupting chemical, one of a number of substances that interfere with the endocrine system to cause cancer, birth defects, and other developmental abnormalities. What is the cancer risk of women who were exposed to DES before birth?

Does des cause heritable changes in DNA?

Researchers are studying these groups because studies in animal models suggest that DES may cause DNA changes (i.e., altered patterns of methylation) in mice exposed to the chemical during early development ( 22 ). These changes can be heritable and have the potential to affect subsequent generations.

What is DES pills?

DES was given widely to pregnant women between 1940 and 1971 to prevent complications during pregnancy. DES was provided under many different product names and also in various forms, such as pills, creams, and vaginal suppositories (6).