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What are the three types of dissociative disorders?

What are the three types of dissociative disorders?

There are three types of dissociative disorders:

  • Dissociative identity disorder.
  • Dissociative amnesia.
  • Depersonalization/derealization disorder.

Can dissociation and tonic immobility happen at the same time?

Tonic Immobility and Dissociation in PTSD For example: “I knew he was going to hurt me. I kept backing away, and then there were moments where I froze and then suddenly I was able to move again.” Alternatively, a person may experience a dissociative state and tonic immobility at the same time.

What are the four types of dissociation?

The four dissociative disorders are: Dissociative Amnesia, Dissociative Fugue, Dissociative Identity Disorder, and Depersonalization Disorder (American Psychiatric Association, 2000; Frey, 2001; Spiegel & Cardeña, 1991).

What trauma can cause dissociation?

Dissociation often occurs as a reaction to trauma, possibly as a way of helping a person distance themselves from the traumatic situation. 3 Assault, abuse, accidents, natural disasters, and military combat are all sources of trauma that can cause dissociation.

What are the 5 dissociative disorders?

Dissociative disorders include dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, depersonalisation disorder and dissociative identity disorder. People who experience a traumatic event will often have some degree of dissociation during the event itself or in the following hours, days or weeks.

What are the 3 main symptoms of dissociative disorder?


  • Memory loss (amnesia) of certain time periods, events, people and personal information.
  • A sense of being detached from yourself and your emotions.
  • A perception of the people and things around you as distorted and unreal.
  • A blurred sense of identity.

What is shutdown dissociation?

Shutdown dissociation includes partial or complete functional sensory deafferentiation, classified as negative dissociative symptoms (see Nijenhuis, 2014; Van Der Hart et al., 2004). The Shut-D focuses exclusively on symptoms according to the evolutionary-based concept of shutdown dissociative responding.

Is zoning out the same as dissociation?

Zoning out is considered a form of dissociation, but it typically falls at the mild end of the spectrum.

Is dissociation flight or freeze?

Dissociation is an adaptive response to threat and is a form of “freezing”. It is a strategy that is often used when the option of fighting or running (fleeing) is not an option.

How do you know if someone is dissociating?

Warning Signs

  1. Rapid mood swings.
  2. Trouble remembering personal details.
  3. Forgetfulness about things you’ve said or done.
  4. Behavior or abilities that change (altered identities)
  5. Depression, anxiety, or panic attacks.
  6. Thoughts of suicide or self-harm.
  7. Substance abuse.
  8. Failed treatments or hospitalizations for mood disorders.

What does severe dissociation feel like?

If you dissociate, you may feel disconnected from yourself and the world around you. For example, you may feel detached from your body or feel as though the world around you is unreal. Remember, everyone’s experience of dissociation is different.

How do you snap someone out of dissociation?

Since dissociation can interfere with the effectiveness of treatment, your therapist may ask you to do the following things to snap out of a period of dissociation:

  1. Make eye contact.
  2. Eat a piece of candy to snap into the moment.
  3. Get up and walk around for a bit.