# What are the main forces acting on a falling rock?

## What are the main forces acting on a falling rock?

Falling objects The weight of the object – this is a force acting downwards, caused by the Earth’s gravitational field acting on the object’s mass . Air resistance – this is a frictional force acting in the opposite direction to the movement of the object.

### How do you draw a force diagram?

Steps for drawing a force diagram:

1. Identify the object you will draw a diagram for.
2. Identify all the forces acting directly on the object and the object exerting them.
3. Draw a dot to represent the object of interest.
4. Draw a vector to represent each force.

Does a rock falling off a cliff experience gravitational force?

It is also true that a free falling (no air resistance) object falls with an acceleration of 9.8 m/s2—but it’s still just the gravitational field. It doesn’t matter what object you put near the surface of the Earth, the gravitational field due to the Earth is constant and pointing towards the center of the Earth.

What type of force is rising and falling?

Gravitational forces are considered to be inherently linked to what we call ‘mass’. There is a gravitational force of attraction between every object in the universe. The size of the gravitational force is proportional to the masses of the objects and weakens as the distance between them increases.

## Which force would cause an object to fall?

gravity
When the only force acting on an object is gravity, the object is said to be in free fall. The force of gravity causes the object to accelerate. Free fall is motion where the acceleration is caused by gravity.

### What does a force diagram show?

In physics and engineering, a free body diagram (FBD; also called a force diagram) is a graphical illustration used to visualize the applied forces, moments, and resulting reactions on a body in a given condition.

What are the main forces present when an object is dropped off a cliff?

Gravity is the downward force upon a projectile that influences its vertical motion and causes the parabolic trajectory that is characteristic of projectiles. A projectile is an object upon which the only force is gravity.

What happens to the kinetic energy of a rock as it falls off a cliff?

Once the rock falls, the potential energy is transformed into kinetic energy. The more potential energy, the more kinetic energy. In this case, the bigger the rock, or the taller the cliff, the more kinetic energy!

## What are the 5 steps to drawing a free-body diagram?

You can draw a free-body diagram of an object following these 3 steps: Sketch what is happening….Let’s go through these steps in more detail.

1. Step 1: Sketch what is happening.
2. Step 2: Determine the forces that act on the object.
3. Step 3: Draw the object in isolation with the forces that act on it.

### How do you draw a force diagram ks3?

Show the forces acting on an object in a free body diagram….When drawing a force diagram:

1. represent the object with a small box or dot.
2. draw the arrows with a pencil and ruler.
3. draw the arrows from the centre of the box or dot.
4. label the arrow with the name of the force and the size of the force.