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What are the example of organophosphate insecticide?

What are the example of organophosphate insecticide?

Organophosphate (OP) compounds are a diverse group of chemicals used in both domestic and industrial settings. Examples of organophosphates include the following: Insecticides – Malathion, parathion, diazinon, fenthion, dichlorvos, chlorpyrifos, ethion. Nerve gases – Soman, sarin, tabun, VX.

How many organophosphate pesticides are there?

Organophosphates (OPs) are a class of insecticides, several of which are highly toxic. Until the 21st century, they were among the most widely used insecticides available. Thirty-six of them are presently registered for use in the United States, and all can potentially cause acute and subacute toxicity.

Which herbicides are organophosphates?

This volume of the IARC Monographs provides evaluations of the carcinogenicity of some organophosphate pesticides, including diazinon, glyphosate, malathion, parathion, and tetrachlorvinphos.

What are organophosphate chemicals?

Organophosphates are a group of human-made chemicals that poison insects and mammals. Organophosphates are the most widely used insecticides today. They are used in agriculture, the home, gardens, and veterinary practice.

What are the most common organophosphate pesticides?

The most commonly used organophosphate pesticides are the following:

  • Parathion.
  • Chlorpyrifos.
  • Diazinon.
  • Dichlorvos.
  • Phosmet.
  • Fenitrothion.
  • Tetrachlorvinphos.
  • Azamethiphos.

What are the organophosphorus insecticides?

Organophosphorus insecticides are chemicals used to kill many types of insects. These chemicals account for a large share of all insecticides used in the United States, including those used on food crops. Most home uses of organophosphorus insecticides have been phased out in the United States.

Is malathion an organophosphate?

Malathion is a man-made organophosphate insecticide that is commonly used to control mosquitoes and a variety of insects that attack fruits, vegetables, landscaping plants, and shrubs.

Is roundup an organophosphate?

Glyphosate, an active ingredient in Roundup® branded herbicides, is periodically referred to as an organophosphate.

What is an organophosphorus insecticide?

Is DDT an organophosphate?

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is a representative organochlorine insecticide and a known endocrine disruptor. Malathion is an organophosphate insecticide and a next-generation pesticide.

Why was malathion banned?

Malathion is linked to developmental disorders in children and has been found by the World Health Organization to be “probably carcinogenic to humans.” Last year EPA scientists determined that the pesticide, manufactured by Dow Chemical, poses widespread risks to protected plants and animals.

What is paraquat used for?

Paraquat is a toxic chemical that is widely used as an herbicide (plant killer), primarily for weed and grass control. In the United States, paraquat is available primarily as a liquid in various strengths.