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What are the chemical properties of nitric acid?

What are the chemical properties of nitric acid?

Physical Properties of Nitric Acid – HNO3

HNO3 Nitric Acid
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 63.01 g/mol
Density 1.51 g/cm³
Boiling Point 83 °C
Melting Point -42 °C

What is the chemical reaction of nitric acid?

The net reaction is: 3 NO 2 + H 2O → 2 HNO 3 + NO. Normally, the nitric oxide produced by the reaction is reoxidized by the oxygen in air to produce additional nitrogen dioxide.

What are the uses of nitric acid?

Industrial Uses of Nitric Acid It is also used for manufacturing nitrogen-based compounds like nylon as well as most of the explosives like trinitrotoluene (T.N.T.), nitroglycerin, amongst others. Other uses include, production of nitrate salts, making dyes, coal tar products and drugs.

What is the chemical name of nitric acid?

Nitric acidNitric acid / IUPAC ID
Nitric acid, HNO3, was known to the alchemists of the 8th century as “aqua fortis” (strong…

Is nitric acid strong or weak?

strong acid
Nitric acid, HNO3, is a very strong acid and is a highly corrosive mineral acid. It turns blue litmus into red colour. It completely dissociates into their ions in water, producing Hydrogen cation.

Why nitric acid is strong oxidizing agent?

Also, Nitric acid (HNO3) on heating decomposes to give nascent oxygen which is highly reactive and adds to the oxidizing character of the acid. Hence it is a strong oxidizing agent.

What chemicals contain nitric acid?

Nitric acid is used in the production of ammonium nitrate for fertilizers, making plastics, and in the manufacture of dyes. It is also used for making explosives such as nitroglycerin and TNT.

What is the pH value of nitric acid?

The pH of nitric acid is 3.01.

What is pH of nitric acid?

Why nitric acid is called strong acid?

But is HNO3 a strong acid? Yes, HNO3 is a strong acid with a pH of 3.1. The strength of an acid is determined by its dissociative property in water to produce hydronium ions (H+ or H3O+). In an aqueous solution, HNO3 acid dissociates completely into H+ and NO3- ions, therefore, considered as a strong acid.

Is nitric acid an oxidising or reducing agent?

Nitric acid is the primary choice here on several grounds. It is an oxidizing acid that can dissolve most metals to form soluble metal nitrates. It has poor oxidizing strength below 2 M but is a powerful oxidizing acid in concentrated form.

Can nitric acid act as a reducing agent?

Nitric acid acts only as an oxidising agent while nitrous acid acts both as an oxidising as well as a reducing agent .

What household products contain nitric acid?

Milk (as it contains lactic acid)

  • Citrus fruits (Oranges,Lemons,Limes)
  • Apples.
  • Pineapples.
  • Mangoes.
  • Water and soft drinks (Carbon dioxide reacts in water to form carbonic acid)
  • Stomach acids.
  • Vinegar.
  • Is nitric acid the same as sulfuric acid?

    Sulfuric acid is more dangerous acid than nitric acid. Sulfuric acid has two full positive charges on sulfur. This has the effect of pulling electrons from the attached oxygen atoms which increases the apparent electronegativity of the oxygen atoms.

    What are the hazards of nitric acid?

    – Explosives – Ammunition – Rocket propellant – Inks and dyes – Aging pine and maple wood – Commercial cleaning agents

    Why does nitric acid stain the human skin yellow?

    Use the Sunshine. A quick and easy way to dissipate chlorine in your pool is to take advantage of a warm,sunny day.

  • Heat the Pool Water.
  • Dilute the Pool.
  • Use Hydrogen Peroxide.
  • Use a Chlorine Neutralizing Product.
  • Try Sodium Thiosulfate.