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What are some questions about DNA and RNA?

What are some questions about DNA and RNA?

Terms in this set (35)

  • What is the structure of DNA?
  • Who discovered the double helix structure of DNA?
  • What are the four nitrogen bases of DNA?
  • What does a nucleotide consist of?
  • How many strands of DNA are there?
  • How many strands of RNA are there?
  • What replaces thymine from DNA in RNA?

What are the 4 types of DNA?

There are four nucleotides, or bases, in DNA: adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T). These bases form specific pairs (A with T, and G with C).

What are the 3 types of DNA?

There are three different DNA types:

  • A-DNA: It is a right-handed double helix similar to the B-DNA form.
  • B-DNA: This is the most common DNA conformation and is a right-handed helix.
  • Z-DNA: Z-DNA is a left-handed DNA where the double helix winds to the left in a zig-zag pattern.

What are some good questions to ask about DNA?

What is a “strand” of DNA?

  • How many strands make up a DNA double helix?
  • Each strand is made up of two zones or regions.
  • What holds one strand against the other in the double helix?
  • How do cells make accurate copies of DNA?
  • When do cells duplicate their DNA?
  • What information is coded into DNA?
  • What is a “codon”?
  • What is the shape of DNA?

    double helix
    DNA is made of two linked strands that wind around each other to resemble a twisted ladder — a shape known as a double helix. Each strand has a backbone made of alternating sugar (deoxyribose) and phosphate groups.

    What is DNA made from?

    DNA is made of chemical building blocks called nucleotides. These building blocks are made of three parts: a phosphate group, a sugar group and one of four types of nitrogen bases. To form a strand of DNA, nucleotides are linked into chains, with the phosphate and sugar groups alternating.

    What are the 3 main functions of DNA?

    DNA now has three distinct functions—genetics, immunological, and structural—that are widely disparate and variously dependent on the sugar phosphate backbone and the bases.

    What are the 8 bases of DNA?

    Life as we know it uses 4 bases called A, C, T, and G. Recently, scientists expanded this alphabet to include 8 bases – 4 natural and 4 artificial. They dubbed the new code hachimoji DNA (‘hachi’ for eight, and ‘moji’ for letter).

    What are the 4 main functions of DNA?

    The four roles DNA plays are replication, encoding information, mutation/recombination and gene expression.

    • Replication. DNA exists in a double-helical arrangement, in which each base along one strand binds to a complementary base on the other strand.
    • Encoding Information.
    • Mutation and Recombination.
    • Gene Expression.

    Where is DNA in the body?

    cell nucleus
    Most DNA is located in the cell nucleus (where it is called nuclear DNA), but a small amount of DNA can also be found in the mitochondria (where it is called mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA). Mitochondria are structures within cells that convert the energy from food into a form that cells can use.

    What is A strand of DNA called?

    DNA bases pair up with each other, A with T and C with G, to form units called base pairs. Each base is also attached to a sugar molecule and a phosphate molecule. Together, a base, sugar, and phosphate are called a nucleotide. Nucleotides are arranged in two long strands that form a spiral called a double helix.

    How many sides does DNA have?

    two sides
    Surprisingly though there are only a few different nucleotides: only four different nucleotide units comprise DNA, the nucleic acid of interest to the genealogist. Alternating sugar and phosphate units form the two sides of a ladder-shaped arrangement with the rungs or steps each formed by a pair of nucleotide bases.