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What are NAND and NOR gates?

What are NAND and NOR gates?

The NAND and NOR gates are universal gates. In practice, this is advantageous since NAND and NOR gates are economical and easier to fabricate and are the basic gates used in all IC digital logic families. In fact, an AND gate is typically implemented as a NAND gate followed by an inverter not the other way around!!

What are the applications of NAND and NOR gates?

NAND Gate Applications. Logic NAND gate has many applications like Burglar alarm, freezer buzzer etc.

Why NAND and NOR is called universal gate?

The OR, AND, and NOT are the three basic logic gates as they together can construct the logic circuit for any given Boolean expression. NOR and NAND gates have the property that they individually can be used to hardware-implement any logic circuit. For this reason, the NAND and NOR gates are called universal gates.

What is NAND gate with example?

What are NAND gates used for? NAND gates help detect if a single input to a digital system has gone low. For example, a simple security system consisting only of NAND gates could be used to monitor the status of sensors connected to windows and/or doors.

What is meant by NOR gate?

The NOR gate is a digital logic gate that implements logical NOR – it behaves according to the truth table to the right. A HIGH output (1) results if both the inputs to the gate are LOW (0); if one or both input is HIGH (1), a LOW output (0) results. NOR is the result of the negation of the OR operator.

What is the symbol of NAND gate?

The Boolean expression for a logic NAND gate is denoted by a single dot or full stop symbol, ( . ) with a line or Overline, ( ‾‾ ) over the expression to signify the NOT or logical negation of the NAND gate giving us the Boolean expression of: A.B = Q.

Where is NOR gate used?

NOR gate is used to construct the basic gates similar to AND gate. By combining NOT gate and OR gate, NOR gate can be constructed. The output of NOR gate is reversal of OR gate. Generally, NOR gate have 2 inputs, let’s say X and Y, and one output Z.

What is the importance of NAND gate?

The NAND gate is significant because any boolean function can be implemented by using a combination of NAND gates. This property is called functional completeness. It shares this property with the NOR gate. Digital systems employing certain logic circuits take advantage of NAND’s functional completeness.

Which is better NAND OR NOR?

NAND is a better gate for design than NOR because at the transistor level the mobility of electrons is normally three times that of holes compared to NOR and thus the NAND is a faster gate.

What is the symbol of NOR gate?

The logic symbol for an Exclusive-NOR gate is simply an Exclusive-OR gate with a circle or “inversion bubble”, ( ο ) at its output to represent the NOT function. Then the Logic Exclusive-NOR Gate is the reverse or “Complementary” form of the Exclusive-OR gate, (A ⊕ B) we have seen previously.

What is the symbol for NAND?

What is the full form of NAND?

What does NAND stand for? Surprisingly, NAND is not an acronym. Instead, the term is short for “NOT AND,” a boolean operator and logic gate. The NAND operator produces a FALSE value only if both values of its two inputs are TRUE.