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How often is irinotecan given?

How often is irinotecan given?

Irinotecan comes as a liquid to be given over 90 minutes intravenously (into a vein) by a doctor or nurse. It is usually given not more often than once a week, according to a schedule that alternates one or more weeks when you receive irinotecan with one or more weeks when you do not receive the medication.

How many cycles of irinotecan can you have?

Each cycle of treatment lasts 2 weeks (14 days). Depending on your needs, you may have up to 12 cycles, taking up to 6 months in total.

Is irinotecan better than oxaliplatin?

The response rate of oxaliplatin group was higher than that of irinotecan group (relative risk (RR) = 0.82, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) (0.70, 0.96), P = 0.01), and the median overall survival of oxaliplatin group was longer by 2.04 months than that of irinotecan group (95%CI (-3.54, -0.54), P = 0.008).

How do you give irinotecan?

The recommended dose of irinotecan is 180 mg/m2 administered once every 2 weeks as an intravenous infusion over a 30- to 90-minute period, followed by infusion with folinic acid and 5-fluorouracil.

Is irinotecan successful?

Researchers demonstrated that at 1 year, the overall survival rate of metastatic colorectal cancer patients who received irinotecan was 40% higher than that of patients who received best estimated regimens of 5-FU (45% vs 32%).

Why is oxaliplatin given before irinotecan?

Oxaliplatin-based first-line chemotherapy is associated with improved overall survival compared to first-line treatment with irinotecan-based chemotherapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer – results from a prospective cohortstudy. Clin Epidemiol. 2015;7:295–303.

Can irinotecan be given before oxaliplatin?

Our study suggested that irinotecan followed by oxaliplatin-based regimens might be a better chemotherapy treatment option for metastatic colorectal cancer than the reverse sequence given the higher crossover rate and potential overall survival benefit.

Why is atropine given before irinotecan?

Subcutaneous atropine 250mcg immediately prior to irinotecan for the prevention of acute cholinergic syndrome. A further 250mcg subcutaneous dose may be given to relieve cholinergic symptoms if they develop.

How long does irinotecan diarrhea last?

The mean duration of symptoms is 30 minutes and they usually respond rapidly to atropine. Delayed-type diarrhea is defined as diarrhea occurring more than 24 hours after administration of irinotecan and is noncumulative and occurs at all dose levels.

Does irinotecan make tired?

This medicine may cause some people to become dizzy, drowsy, or less alert than they are normally. This medicine may also cause blurred vision or other vision problems.

What is irinotecan toxicity?

Unfortunately, the treatment with irinotecan is often associated with severe toxicities, especially neutropenia and diarrhea. The majority of the toxic manifestation is caused by the insufficient deactivation (glucuronidation) of irinotecan active metabolite SN-38 by UGT1A enzyme.