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Does HSV-1 cause meningitis?

Does HSV-1 cause meningitis?

HSVs can cause meningitis or encephalitis (inflammation of the brain itself, which is much more serious). HSV encephalitis is mainly caused by HSV-1 (which is also the cause of most cold-sores), whereas meningitis is more often caused by HSV-2 (more often a cause of genital herpes).

Is herpes a form of meningitis?

What is herpes meningitis? Herpes meningitis is a type of viral meningitis that results from infection with a herpes virus. The condition causes swelling of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord, which are called the meninges. Meningitis is the medical term for inflammation of the meninges.

How likely is it to get meningitis from herpes?

Among patients with primary genital herpes, 36% of women and 13% of men have been reported to develop meningitis as a complication. HSV-2 meningitis can also occur without any genital herpes symptoms.

Can herpes cause bacterial meningitis?

What causes herpes meningoencephalitis? Meningitis and encephalitis may be caused by bacteria, fungi, or other types of germs. But many are caused by viruses, and many kinds of viruses can be to blame. Encephalitis is caused by the herpes simplex virus.

How does HSV-1 Spread To brain?

(A) HSV-1 CNS infection through the olfactory route: HSV-1 can infect the termini of olfactory neurons enervating the nasal epithelium and access the CNS by retrograde axonal transport through neurons until reaching the olfactory bulb in the brain.

What viruses cause meningitis?


  • Mumps virus.
  • Herpesviruses, including Epstein-Barr virus, herpes simplex viruses, and varicella-zoster virus (which causes chickenpox and shingles)
  • Measles virus.
  • Influenza virus.
  • Arboviruses, such as West Nile virus.
  • Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus.

Can herpes cause meningitis in infants?

Herpes can result in skin, eye, or mouth (SEM) infections in some babies, and in more serious cases, it leads to central nervous system (CNS) disease, such as meningitis and disseminated disease. “SEM disease is the most common, and can progress to CNS or disseminated disease, and needs to be treated,” says Dr.

Can HSV-1 affect the brain?

Ocular herpes infection is a leading cause of infectious blindness and can lead to lethal brain infections. After a primary infection, HSV-1 hides in neuronal tissues and reactivates under immune suppressive conditions that may cause encephalitis, leading to permanent brain damage, memory loss or even death.

How do kids get meningitis?

Meningitis is usually caught from people who carry these viruses or bacteria in their nose or throat but are not ill themselves. It can also be caught from someone with meningitis, but this is less common.

What are signs of meningitis in a child?

Common signs & symptoms of meningitis and septicaemia in children, teenagers and young people.

  • Fever, cold hands and feet.
  • Vomiting.
  • Drowsy, difficult to wake.
  • Confusion and irritability.
  • Severe muscle pain.
  • Pale, blotchy skin. Spots/rash.
  • Severe headache.
  • Stiff neck.

Does herpes cause brain damage?

Herpes simplex virus (HSV). Both HSV type 1 — associated with cold sores and fever blisters around your mouth — and HSV type 2 — associated with genital herpes — can cause encephalitis. Encephalitis caused by HSV type 1 is rare but can result in significant brain damage or death.

How does HSV-1 enter the brain?