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What is the history between Spain and Morocco?

What is the history between Spain and Morocco?

Rabat – Throughout history, relations between Morocco and Spain have always been marked by tensions, conflicts, and wars. The same dynamic has governed Morocco-Spain relations since the end of the Arab-Muslim presence in Spain, through the War of Tetouan in 1859, and then throughout the 20th century.

Did Spain try to conquer Morocco?

Spain took over a couple of Portuguese enclaves in Morocco – Ceuta and Melilla – which it continues to control even today, even after it gave up its own colonial control of Morocco.

Was Morocco a French or Spanish colony?

1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General. Spain continues to operate its coastal protectorate.

What do Spaniards think of Morocco?

On the other hand, nearly 80 percent of Spaniards believe that Morocco should not enter the European Union, and the overwhelming majority of the country (84%) views its southern neighbor as an “authoritarian” country where human rights “are not respected” (74%).

How did Spain lose Morocco?

In 1956, when France ended its protectorate over Morocco, Spain discontinued the protectorate and retroceded the territory to the newly independent kingdom, while retaining the plazas de soberanía which were part of Spain prior to the colonial period, Cape Juby, Ifni, and other colonies (such as Spanish Sahara) outside …

Did Morocco belong to Spain?

By a Franco-Spanish treaty of 27 November 1912, Spain was granted a protectorate over Morocco’s Mediterranean littoral, referred to as Spanish Morocco. Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera and Melilla thereafter were absorbed into this entity.

When did Spain invade Morocco?

The Hispano-Moroccan War, also known as the Spanish–Moroccan War, the First Moroccan War, the Tetuán War, or, in Spain, as the War of Africa, was fought from Spain’s declaration of war on Morocco on 22 October 1859 until the Treaty of Wad-Ras on 26 April 1860.

Is part of Morocco Spanish?

The tiny Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla sit on the northern shores of Morocco’s Mediterranean coast. Together they form the European Union’s only land borders with Africa.

When did Spain fight in Morocco?

The Rif War (Spanish: Guerra del Rif) was an armed conflict fought from 1921 to 1926 between the occupying colonialists of Spain (joined by France in 1924) and the Berber tribes of the mountainous Rif region of northern Morocco.

Are Spain and Morocco friends?

Morocco–Spain relations are intense and highly troublesome.

Why did Morocco have a protectorate with Spain in 1912?

Since France already held a protectorate over most of the country and had controlled Morocco’s foreign affairs since 30 March 1912, it also held the power to delegate a zone to Spanish protection. The surface area of the zone was about 20,948 km 2 (8,088 sq mi), which represents 4.69% of modern-day Morocco.

What is the history of Morocco?

In the mid-5th century AD, it was overrun by Vandals, before being recovered by the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century. The region was conquered by the Muslims in the early 8th century AD, but broke away from the Umayyad Caliphate after the Berber Revolt of 740. Half a century later, the Moroccan state was established by the Idrisid dynasty.

When was the Spanish protectorate in North Africa established?

The Spanish protectorate in the north, established in 1912, was one-twentieth the size of the French zone. Tangier was made part of the Spanish zone from 1940 to 1945, but then reverted to its previous international regime.

What is the ISBN number for the Moroccan protectorate?

ISBN 9780521337670. Chandler, James A. “Spain and Her Moroccan Protectorate, 1898–1927,” Journal of Contemporary History 10 ( April 1975): 301–22. Pennell, C. R. Morocco Since 1830: A History, New York University Press, 2000.